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What is Beego?

Beego is a HTTP framework for rapid development of Go applications. It can be used to develop API, web app and backend services quickly. It is a RESTful framework. It is inspired by Tornado, Sinatra and Flask and has integrated some of Go-specific features such as interfaces and struct embeddedness.

The architecture of Beego

Here is the architecture of Beego:

Beego is built upon 8 independent modules that are loosely coupled. Beego is designed for modular programming. You can still use any of these modules without using Beego’s HTTP logic. For example, you can use cache module to handle your cache, logs module for logging and config module for processing files in many formats. So you can use all these modules not only in Beego but also in many other applications such as socket games. This is one of the reasons that Beego became popular. If you know Lego you should know all magnificent models are made of many small pieces. In the philosophy of Beego these modules are small pieces of building blocks and the magnificent model is Beego. We will talk more about these modules later.

The execution logic of Beego

Beego is based on these modules so what’s its execution logic? Beego is
a typical MVC architecture. Here is its executing logic:

The project structure of Beego

Here is the typical folder structure of a Beego project:

├── conf
│   └── app.conf
├── controllers
│   ├── admin
│   └── default.go
├── main.go
├── models
│   └── models.go
├── static
│   ├── css
│   ├── ico
│   ├── img
│   └── js
└── views
    ├── admin
    └── index.tpl

We can see the M (models), V (views), C (controllers) folders. main.go is the starting file.

You can use bee tool to create a new project.

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