Improve this page on GitHub

Form validation

The Form validation module is used for data validation and error collection.

Installing and testing

Installing:

go get github.com/astaxie/beego/validation

Testing:

go test github.com/astaxie/beego/validation

Localization

In order to localize validation error messages, one might use SetDefaultMessage function of the validation package.

Note that format markers (%d, %s) must be preserved in translated text to provide resulting messages with validation context values.

Default template messages are present in validation.MessageTmpls variable.

Simple message localization for Russian language:

import "github.com/astaxie/beego/validation"

func init() {
    validation.SetDefaultMessage(map[string]string{
        "Required":     "Должно быть заполнено",
        "Min":          "Минимально допустимое значение %d",
        "Max":          "Максимально допустимое значение %d",
        "Range":        "Должно быть в диапазоне от %d до %d",
        "MinSize":      "Минимально допустимая длина %d",
        "MaxSize":      "Максимально допустимая длина %d",
        "Length":       "Длина должна быть равна %d",
        "Alpha":        "Должно состоять из букв",
        "Numeric":      "Должно состоять из цифр",
        "AlphaNumeric": "Должно состоять из букв или цифр",
        "Match":        "Должно совпадать с %s",
        "NoMatch":      "Не должно совпадать с %s",
        "AlphaDash":    "Должно состоять из букв, цифр или символов (-_)",
        "Email":        "Должно быть в правильном формате email",
        "IP":           "Должен быть правильный IP адрес",
        "Base64":       "Должно быть представлено в правильном формате base64",
        "Mobile":       "Должно быть правильным номером мобильного телефона",
        "Tel":          "Должно быть правильным номером телефона",
        "Phone":        "Должно быть правильным номером телефона или мобильного телефона",
        "ZipCode":      "Должно быть правильным почтовым индексом",
    })
}

Examples:

Direct use:

import (
    "github.com/astaxie/beego/validation"
    "log"
)

type User struct {
    Name string
    Age int
}

func main() {
    u := User{"man", 40}
    valid := validation.Validation{}
    valid.Required(u.Name, "name")
    valid.MaxSize(u.Name, 15, "nameMax")
    valid.Range(u.Age, 0, 18, "age")

    if valid.HasErrors() {
        // If there are error messages it means the validation didn't pass
        // Print error message
        for _, err := range valid.Errors {
            log.Println(err.Key, err.Message)
        }
    }
    // or use like this
    if v := valid.Max(u.Age, 140, "age"); !v.Ok {
        log.Println(v.Error.Key, v.Error.Message)
    }
    // Customize error messages
    minAge := 18
    valid.Min(u.Age, minAge, "age").Message("18+ only!!")
    // Format error messages
    valid.Min(u.Age, minAge, "age").Message("%d+", minAge)
}

Use through StructTag

import (
    "log"
    "strings"

    "github.com/astaxie/beego/validation"
)

// Set validation function in "valid" tag
// Use ";" as the separator of multiple functions. Spaces accept after ";"
// Wrap parameters with "()" and separate parameter with ",". Spaces accept after ","
// Wrap regex match with "//"
// 
// 各个函数的结果的key值为字段名.验证函数名
type user struct {
    Id     int
    Name   string `valid:"Required;Match(/^Bee.*/)"` // Name can't be empty or start with Bee
    Age    int    `valid:"Range(1, 140)"` // 1 <= Age <= 140, only valid in this range
    Email  string `valid:"Email; MaxSize(100)"` // Need to be a valid Email address and no more than 100 characters.
    Mobile string `valid:"Mobile"` // Must be a valid mobile number
    IP     string `valid:"IP"` // Must be a valid IPv4 address
}

// If your struct implemented interface `validation.ValidFormer`
// When all tests in StructTag succeed, it will execute Valid function for custom validation
func (u *user) Valid(v *validation.Validation) {
    if strings.Index(u.Name, "admin") != -1 {
        // Set error messages of Name by SetError and HasErrors will return true
        v.SetError("Name", "Can't contain 'admin' in Name")
    }
}

func main() {
    valid := validation.Validation{}
    u := user{Name: "Beego", Age: 2, Email: "dev@beego.me"}
    b, err := valid.Valid(&u)
    if err != nil {
        // handle error
    }
    if !b {
        // validation does not pass
        // blabla...
        for _, err := range valid.Errors {
            log.Println(err.Key, err.Message)
        }
    }
}

Available validation functions in StrucTag:

  • Required not empty. :TODO 不为空,即各个类型要求不为其零值
  • Min(min int) minimum value. Valid type is int, all other types are invalid.
  • Max(max int) maximum value. Valid type is int, all other types are invalid.
  • Range(min, max int) Value range. Valid type is int, all other types are invalid.
  • MinSize(min int) minimum length. Valid type is string slice, all other types are invalid.
  • MaxSize(max int) maximum length. Valid type is string slice, all other types are invalid.
  • Length(length int) fixed length. Valid type is string slice, all other types are invalid.
  • Alpha alpha characters. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Numeric numerics. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • AlphaNumeric alpha characters or numerics. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Match(pattern string) regex matching. Valid type is string, all other types will be cast to string then match. (fmt.Sprintf(“%v”, obj).Match)
  • AlphaDash alpha characters or numerics or -_. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Email Email address. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • IP IP address,Only support IPv4 address. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Base64 base64 encoding. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Mobile mobile number. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Tel telephone number. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • Phone mobile number or telephone number. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.
  • ZipCode zip code. Valid type is string, all other types are invalid.

API doc

Please see Go Walker

comments powered by Disqus